Hypertension is a medical word used by medical experts for high blood pressure. At the point when the body system is not able to regulate the blood pressure the way it expected to, the pressure of the blood in the arteries increments. A reliably higher than normal pressure over a long period of time is called High blood pressure.
The blood pressure is called high if the systolic pressure is 140 mmHg or more, and the diastolic pressure is 90 mmHg or more, or both.
Blood pressure is the power applied by the blood against the walls of blood vessels, and the size of this force relies up on the cardiac output and the resistance of the blood veins
Reasons for hypertension
High blood pressure is a leading problem worldwide. The increments are blamed on lifestyle facts, including:
- Physical inactivity
- A salt-rich food diet
- Drinking alcohol and use of tobacco
- Certain illnesses and use of medicines are specific causes of high blood
- Obesity is a risk factor for hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases.
- Kidney ailment
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (disorder of the adrenal organs, which emit the hormone cortisol)
- Cushing disorder (which can be caused by utilization of corticosteroid medications)
- Hyperthyroidism (over active thyroid gland)
There are few factors that increase your risk of growing hypertension, which is not under your control. These include:
- Age: as you get older, the impact of an unhealthy lifestyle can develop and your blood pressure can increment.
- Ethnic origin: people from African-Caribbean and South Asian groups or communities are at more serious risk than other individuals of high blood pressure.
- Family history: you are at higher risk if other family members have, or have had, high blood pressure.
A few individuals might have hypertension that is connected or linked to another medical condition, such as kidney issues. For these individuals treating the medical issue might lower their blood pressure back to normal.
Symptoms of hypertension
Hypertension itself is typically experienced by patients without any symptoms at all. It can do its harm silently.
Hypertension can prompt issues in the organs influenced by high blood pressure. Hypertension if persist for a long time, may lead to the below issues –
- An expanded or weakened heart, to a point where it might fail to pump sufficient blood (heart failure)
- Aneurysm – an unusual bulge in the wall of an artery
- Blood vessel narrowing – in the kidneys, prompting conceivable kidney failure; additionally in the heart, brain and legs, prompting potential heart attack, stroke or amputation
- Blood vessels in the eyes may rupture or bleed, leading to vision issues or blindness
- Difficulties in breathing
Prevention for hypertension
Changes in Lifestyle are important for both treatment and prevention of hypertension, and they can be as powerful as a medical treatment. The added benefit is that there are more extensive effects on heart health.
The lifestyle measures that are prescribed by specialist and shown to reduce blood pressure are:
- Salt restriction – Modest blood pressure reductions can be achieved by lowering salt intake to around 5 g a day
- Alcohol consumption – It is best to stop drinking alcohol
- Consumption of vegetables and fruits – Eat somewhere around 300 and 400 g of vegetables and fruits every day
- Take low fat foods- eat food low in fat. People with hypertension are highly advised to eat fish at least twice a week.
- Stop eating junk and oily foods
- Reducing weight and maintaining it – High Blood pressure is closely correlated with excess body weight. People who are overweight or obese are more on risk.
- Regular physical exercise -Hypertensive patients should take part in at least 30 min of moderate-intensity dynamic aerobic activities and exercise (swimming, walking, cycling or jogging) on 5 to 7 days a week
- Quit Smoking- Smoking can also raise blood pressure. Quitting Smoking is best thing to do
- Eat sprouted grains- people with hypertension are advised to eat sprouted Grains
- Eat garlic and onion