Nutrition is a science that covers all the attributes of which the food is composed of. The average nutritional requirements of humans are fixed, which depend on quantifiable features like height, weight, age, sex, rate of growth and the degree of activity.
Proper nutrition keeps you healthy, fit, energetic and strong. A good balance is also necessary between the six basic nutrients required for human body. These nutrients are:
Benefits of proper nutrition
The human body is like a machine and as the machines need quality fuel to run efficiently; the human body also needs a balanced diet for proper functioning of body organs and the body systems. Food develops, replaces and repairs the cells and tissues. It produces energy to keep body warm, move and work.
The chemical processes like the digestion of food are also carried out by the food. If you want to live fit and happy, you need to follow a diet which has all the nutrients in sufficient amount. The chances of diseases are the minimum with such diets.
Eating healthy food reduces your mental stress and you are energetic all the time. The performance of the human body in various physical or mental works also increases with proper nutrition. The weight of the body is also in control, neither less nor more than the required as per the height, sex and age of the person. The life of the human body is also increased with food with proper nutrition.
Physical, mental and psychological health, all three are greatly affected by the quality and quantity of the food. Proper nutrition makes your mind sharp, your memory power is enhanced and you are more relaxed and happy even in panic situations. You can also save a good amount of money which could have been spent in the treatment of the diseases.
The lack of proper nutrition makes the human body more prone to diseases, fatigue, infection and poor work performance. Bad eating slows down the growth of the human mind and body. A proper nutrition also helps you to recover early from any weakness, surgeries or operations.
Many of the severe diseases are well cured by the food rather than any medical treatment. New babies, infants, or crawlers need proper nutrition for the growth of body organs, bones, and muscles. The cells, tissues, muscles and bones are made stronger by a good diet used daily.
How to achieve a proper nutrition
Proper nutrition never means starving yourself. Here, you are recommended to gain calories by eating a balanced diet food. Following a healthy diet includes choosing plenty of grains, vegetables, fruit, meats, eggs, and dairy products. Breads, pasta, cereals, rice, potato and sugar are the main sources of carbohydrates. Fruits are also a great source of nutrition.
Fresh seasonal fruits form blood in your body and make the body resistant against any disease. Vegetables are the primary sources of vitamins and minerals. Dark, leafy greens are considered as the biggest sources of nutrients. Meats, pulse, beans and milk are the primary sources of protein, which are very essential for proper development of the brain.
Dairy products provide Vitamin D, Calcium and other essential nutrients. Plant-based milks are also fortified with calcium and other nutrients. These are the best alternatives to dairy from cows. Nowadays people also use chemical powder or tablets other than food and drink.
A proper body exercise is also necessary to keep your body fit all the time. There are certain Do’s and Dont’s also along with proper nutrition. You must avoid very spicy, fried, steamed, oily and dull foods. The purity and freshness of the foods are also important for the best results from the foods.
The quantity of food is different for a specific age group of persons. The recommendation of nutrients also depends on the deficiency of the body. If any body is more prone to a specific disease, then it needs to take that food in greater quantity which supplies the counter nutrient to the body.
You have also to be careful with the foods in specific seasons. Warm or cold climate also affects your body. Therefore, during the winter season your diet must include such foods which give warmth and vice versa.