Protein is the building blocks of life. Each cell in the body contains protein. The fundamental structure of protein is a chain of amino acids.
Hair and nails are for the most part made of protein. Your body utilizes protein to build and repair tissues. You likewise utilize protein to make enzymes, hormones, and other body chemicals. Protein is a vital building block of cartilage, muscles, bones, blood and skin.
You require protein in your food and diet to help your body repair cells and create new ones. Protein is additionally also required for development and growth in teens, kids and pregnant ladies.
Along with fat and carbohydrates, protein is a “macronutrient,” implying that the body requires a large amounts of it. Vitamins and minerals, which are required in just little quantities, are called “micronutrients.” But unlike carbohydrates and fat, the body doesn’t store protein, and in this way has no repository to draw on when it requires a new supply. So we have to take protein from food only.
Protein foods are broken down into parts known as amino acids during digestion. The human body requires various amino acids in large enough amounts to keep and maintain good health.
Amino acids are generally found in animal sources for example, milk, meats, eggs and fish. They are also found in plant sources like beans, soy, legumes, nut butters, and few grains (like, wheat germ and quinoa). You don’t need to eat animal products to get all the protein you require in your diet.
Amino acids are classified into three groups:
Essential amino acids are not produced or made by the body, and must be received from food. They don’t need to be eaten at one meal. The balance over the entire day is more critical and important.
Nonessential amino acids are created and produced by the body from essential amino acids or in the normal breakdown of proteins.
Conditional amino acids are required in times of sickness and stress.
Protein-containing foods can be generally divided into three groups relying up on the amount of protein they contain:
- High-protein foods include eggs, poultry, red meats, fish, cheese nuts, seeds, yogurt and beans. Others are wheat germ, nutritional yeast, brewer’s yeast and some algae like Spirulina. These foods have about 20% protein or more. Spirulina or algae is recommended as they are hard on the liver due to some of their contents. They are often found in some “green superfood” food bars, powders and drinks.
- Medium-protein foods include grains such as wheat, rice, oats, barley and millet. These contain 7 to 15% protein and are known as incomplete proteins. This means they should be taken with some other protein foods to provide complete protein. Unluckily, today’s hybrid grains mostly contain significantly less protein than the grains that were grown 100 years back or prior. Wheat, for instance, used to have 14-16% protein and now contains 6% in many instances. Even organically grown grains today are also hybrids.
- Low-protein foods include vegetables, fruits and juices. These contain less than 5% protein. Living only on a low protein diet of mainly fruit, does not work well for human beings.
According to the specialist a healthy person should take 1gm protein per 1 kg of his body weight, for example if a person has 60 kg body weight then he requires 60 gm protein daily for the smooth functioning of the body organs. But in today’s hectic life it is very difficult to get sufficient protein from food as recommended. As per the research, 80% of the Indians are protein deficient.
As we are not getting sufficient protein from our diet so it has become the reason of protein gap which is causing major chronic diseases like diabetes, cancer, brain hamrage, memory loss and cardiovascular diseases.
So it is very vital to fulfill this protein gap by food supplement but we need to make sure that the supplement should be 100% organic sourced, cholesterol and fat free and must be 100% digestible.